Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 9 Solutions

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 9 Solutions Notes Solution – It is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances consisting of atoms, ions or molecules. Solvent – The compound that is present in large amount in a homogeneous mixture is called solvent. Solute – The compound that is present in small amount…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 10 Chemical Bonding

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 10 Chemical Bonding Notes Chemical bonds – The interatomic forces which holds the constituent atoms/ions together in a molecule are called chemical bonds. Kossel-Lewis approach – Elements other than noble gases, try to attain the completely filled electronic configuration by losing, gaining or sharing one or more electrons…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 11 Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 11 Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry Notes Organic chemistry – It is the study of compounds of carbon. Catenation – The tendency of an atom to form a chain of bonds with the atoms of the same element is called catenation. Functional group – It is an atom or…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 12 Basic Concepts of Organic Reactions

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 12 Basic Concepts of Organic Reactions Notes Organic reactions – Substrate is an organic molecule reacts with reagent, which may be an organic, inorganic or any agent like heat, photon etc that brings about the chemical change to form a product. This is known as organic reactions. Mechanism…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons Notes Alkenes – Alkenes are unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain carbon-carbon double bond. They are represented by the general formulae CnH2n where n stands for the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. Alkenes are also known as olefins. Geometrical isomerism – It is a type of…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 14 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 14 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Notes Haloalkanes – When one or more hydrogen atoms of aliphatic hydrocarbons are replaced by a halogen atom, the resultant compounds are called Haloalkanes. Haloarene – When one or more hydrogen atoms of aromatic hydrocarbons are replaced by a halogen atom , the resultant…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 15 Environmental Chemistry

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 15 Environmental Chemistry Notes Environment – It includes the air we breathe, the water that covers most of the earth’s surface, the plants and animals around us and much more. Environmental chemistry – It is the study of chemicals and chemical processes. Environmental pollution – Any desirable change…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 8 Physical and Chemical Equilibrium

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 8 Physical and Chemical Equilibrium Notes Physical equilibrium: A system in which the amount of matter constituting different phases does not change with time is said to be in physical equilibrium. Solid-liquid equilibrium: H2O(s) ⇌ H2O(l) At equilibrium, Rate of melting of ice = Rate of freezing of…

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 7 Thermodynamics

Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Chemistry Notes Chapter 7 Thermodynamics Notes Thermodynamics – It means flow of heat. It is a branch of science which deals the relation between energy, heat, work and accompanying changes in the nature and behaviour of various substances around us. Macroscopic properties – Heat and work. First law of Thermodynamics –…