Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 11th Economics Notes Chapter 11 Tamil Nadu Economy Notes
→ “If the nature of the work is properly appreciated and applied, it will stand in the same relation to the higher faculties as food is to the physical body” – J C Kumarappa.
→ Growth of SGDP in Tamil Nadu has been among the fastest in India since 2005.
→ Tamil Nadu stands sixth in population with 7.21 crore against India’s 121 crore as per 2011 census.
→ The average period that a person may expect to live is called life expectancy.
→ Tamil Nadu, with seven agro climatic zones and varied soil types is better suited for the production of fruits, vegetables, spices, plantation crops, flowers and medicinal plants.
→ Chennai is sometimes referred to as the Health Capital of India or the Banking Capital of India, having attracted investments from International Finance Corporations and the World Bank. It is also called as Detroit of Asia.
→ Tamil Nadu is known as the “Yam Bowl” of the country accounting for 41% of India’s cotton yam production.
→ Tamil Nadu ranks third in cement production in India (First Andhra Pradesh, Second Rajasthan).
→ One of the global electrical equipment public sector companies viz BHEL has manufacturing plants at Tiruchirappalli and Ranipet.
→ Sivakasi – A fireworks manufacturing hub Coimbatore is also referred to as “the Pump City” as it supplies two thirds of India’s requirements of motors and pumps.
→ The Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant and the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant are the major nuclear energy plants for the energy grid.
→ In Tamil Nadu the share of thermal power in total energy sources is very high and the thermal power plants are at Athippattu (North Chennai), Ennore, Mettur, Neyveli and Thoothukudi.
→ In Tamil Nadu, Nationalised banks account for 52% with 5,337 branches, Private Commercial Banks 30% (3,060) branches, State Bank of India and its associates 13% (1,364), Regional Rural Banks 5% (537) branches and the remaining 22 foreign bank branches.
→ Tamil Nadu has 59 Universities, 40 Medical colleges, 517 Engineering colleges, 2,260 Arts and Science colleges, 447 Polytechnics and 20 dental colleges.
→ According to government data, India had a total of 342.65 million internet subscribers at the end of March, 2016.
→ Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of Southern Railway, Headquartered at Chennai.
→ Tamil Nadu has three major ports; one each at Chennai, Ennore, and Tuticorin, as well as one intermediate port in Nagapattinam, and 23 minor ports.
→ Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), a Government of Tamil Nadu undertaking.
→ Per capita Income: Income per head (GSDP / Population)
→ GSDP: Money value of all goods and services produced annually in the State
→ Neo natal Mortality: Death of kids soon after delivery
→ Infant Mortality Rate: Death of children before completing one year after birth.
→ Child Mortality Rate: Death of child before the age of file
→ C-D Ratio: Ratio of Bank advances to deposits
→ Bio-diesel: Extraction of oil from plants like jatropha
→ MSMEs: Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
→ Micro Enterprise: Enterprise with a capital investment, not exceeding 25 lakhs (These may change)
→ Small Enterprise: Unit with investment on plant and machinery above 25 lakhs but below 10 cr. (These may change)