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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.11

Question 1.
Solve, using the method of substitution
(i) 2x – 3y = 7; 5x + y = 9
(ii) 1.5x + 0.1y = 6.2; 3x – 0.4y = 11.2
(iii) 10% of x + 20% of y = 24; 3x – y = 20
(iv) \(\sqrt{2} x-\sqrt{3} y=1 ; \sqrt{3} x-\sqrt{8} y=0\)
Solution:
(i) 2x – 3y = 7 ………….. (1)
5x + y = 9 ………….. (2)
Step (1)
From the equation (2)
5x+ y = 9
y = -5x + 9
Step (2)
substitute (3) in (1)
2x – 3(-5x + 9) = 7
2x + 15x – 27 = 7
17x = 7 + 27
17x = 34
x = \(\frac{34}{17}\) = 2; x = 2
Step (3)
substitute x = 2 in (3)
y = – 5(2) + 9 = -10 + 9 = -1
Solution: x = 2; y = -1

(ii) 1.5x + 0.1y = 6.2 …………. (1)
3x – 0.1y = 11.2 ………….. (2)
Multiply (1 ) x 10 15x + y = 62 ……….(1)
(2) × 10 ⇒ 30x – 4y = 112 …………. (4)
Step (1)
From equation (3)
15x + y = 62
y = -15x + 62 …………. (5)
Step (2)
substitute (5) in (4)
30x – 4 (-15x + 62) = 112
30x + 60x – 248 = 112
90x = 112 + 248
90x = 360
x = \(\frac{360}{90}\)
x = 4
Step (3)
substitute x = 4 in (5)
y = -15(4) + 62
= -60 + 62
y = 2
Solution: x = 4; y = 2

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.11 1
x + 2y = 240 ………. (1)
3 x – y =20 ……….. (2)
Step (1)
From equation (2)
3x – y = 20
-y = 20 – 3x
y = 3x – 20 — (3)
Step (2)
substitute (3) in (1)
x + 2(3x – 20) = 240
x + 6x – 40 = 240
7x = 240 + 40
x = \(\frac{280}{7}\)
x = 40
Step (3)
substitute x = 40 in (3)
y = 3 (40) – 20
= 120 – 20 = 100
Solution : x = 40 and y = 100

(iv) \(\sqrt{2} x-\sqrt{3} y\) = 1 ………… (1)
\(\sqrt{3} x-\sqrt{8} y\) = 0 ……….. (2)
Step (1)
From the equation (2)
Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.11 2
Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.11 3
Solution: x = \(\sqrt{8}\) and y = \(\sqrt{3}\)

Question 2.
Raman’s age is three times the sum of the ages of his two sons. After 5 years his age will be twice the sum of the ages of his two sons. Find the age of Raman.
Solution:
Let Raman’s age = x
Let the sum of his two sons age = y
now x = 3y ⇒ x – 3y = 0 ……… (1)
After 5 years,
Step (3)
x + 5 = 2(y + 10)
x + 5 = 2y + 20
x – 2y = 20 – 5
x – 2y = 15
Step (1)
From equation (1) x = 3y
Step (2)
Substitute x = 3y in (2)
3y – 2y = 15
y = 15
Step (3)
Substitute y = 15 in (1)
x = 3y = 3 × 15
x = 45
∴ Raman’s age is 45 years.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.11

Question 3.
The middle digit of a number between 100 and 1000 is zero and the sum of the other digit is 13. If the digits are reversed, the number so formed exceeds the original number by 495. Find the number.
Solution:
Let the number be x0y
x + y = 13 …………….. (1)
If the digits are reversed the number so formed is y0x
x0y = 100x + 10 × 0 + 1 × y
y0x = 100y + 10 × 0 + 1 × x
100y + x – (100x + y) = 495
100y + x – 100x – y = 495
-99x + 99y = 495 ………….. (2)
Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.11 4
Substitute x = 4 in (1)
4 + y = 13 = 13 – 4 = 9
The number is 409.

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