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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 8th Maths Solutions Term 3 Chapter 3 Geometry Ex 3.3

Question 1.

Construct the following rhombuses with the given measurements and also find their area.

(i) FACE, FA = 6 cm and FC = 8 cm

Solution:

Given FA = 6 cm and FC = 8cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment FA = 6 cm.

(ii) With F and A as centres, drawn arcs of radii 8 cm and 6 cm respectively and let them cut at C.

(iii) Joined FC and AC.

(iv) With F and C as centres, drawn arcs of radius 6 cm each and let them cut at E. Joined FE and EC.

(v) FACE is the required rhombus.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 8 × 9 sq.units = 36 cm²

(ii) RACE, RA = 5.5 cm and AE = 7 cm

Solution:

Given RA = 5.5 cm and AE = 7 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment RA = 5.5 cm.

(ii) With R and A as centres, drawn arcs of radii 5.5 cm and 7 cm respectively and let them cut at E.

(iii) Joined RE and AE.

(iv) With E and A as centres, drawn arcs of radius 5.5 cm each and let them cut at C.

(v) Joined AC and EC.

(vi) RACE is the required rhombus.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 7 × 8.5 cm² = 29.75 cm²

(iii) CAKE, CA = 5 cm and ∠A = 65°

Solution:

Given CA = 5 cm and ∠A = 65°

(i) Drawn a line segment CA = 5 cm.

(ii) At A on AC, made ∠CAX = 65°

(iii) With A as centre, drawn arc of radius 5 cm. Let it cut AX at K.

(iv) With K and C as centres, drawn arcs of radius 5 cm each and let them cut at E. Joined KE and CE.

(v) CAKE is the required rhombus.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 5.4 × 8.5 cm² = 22.95 cm²

(iv) MAKE, MA= 6.4 cm and ∠M = 80°

Solution:

Given MA = 6.4 cm and ∠M = 80°

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment MA = 6.4 cm.

(ii) At M on MA, made ∠AMX = 80°

(iii) With M as centres, drawn arc of radius 6.4 cm. Let it cut MX at E.

(iv) With E and A as centres, drawn arcs of radius 6.4 cm each and let them cut at K.

(v) Joined EK and AK.

(vi) MAKE is the required rhombus.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 8.2 × 9.8 cm² = 40.18 cm²

(v) LUCK, LC = 7.8 cm and UK = 6 cm

Solution:

Given LC = 7.8 cm and UK = 6 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment LC = 7.8 cm.

(ii) Drawn the perpendicular bisector XY to LC. Let it cut LC at ‘O’

(iii) With O as centres, drawn arc of radius 3 cm on either side of O which cut OX at K and OY at U.

(iv) Joined LU, UC, CK and LK.

(v) LUCK is the required rhombus.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 7.8 × 6 cm² = 23.4 cm²

(vi) DUCK, DC = 8 cm and UK = 6 cm

Solution:

Given DC = 8 cm and UK = 6 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment DC = 8 cm.

(ii) Drawn the perpendicular bisector XY to DC. Let it cut DC at ‘O’

(iii) With O as centres, drawn arc of radius 3 cm on either side of O which cut OX at U and OYat K.

(iv) Joined DK, KC, CU and DU.

(v) DUCK is the required rhombus.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 8 × 6 cm² = 24 cm²

(vii) PARK, PR = 9 cm and ∠P = 70°

Solution:

Given PR = 9 cm and ∠P = 70°

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment PR = 9 cm.

(ii) At P, made ∠RPX = ∠RPY = 35° on either side of PR.

(iii) At R, made ∠PRQ = ∠PRS = 35° on either side of PR

(iv) Let PX and RQ cut at A and PY and RS at K.

(v) PARK is the required rhombus

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 9 × 6.2 cm² = 27.9 cm²

(viii) MARK, AK =7.5 cm and ∠A = 80°

Solution:

Given AK = 7.5 cm and ∠A = 80°

(i) Drawn a line segment AK = 7.5 cm.

(ii) At A, made ∠KAX = ∠KAY = 40° on either side of AK.

(iii) At K, made ∠AKP = ∠AKQ = 40° on either side of AK

(iv) Let AX and KP cut at M and AY and KQ at R.

(v) MARK is the required rhombus

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rhombus = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × d_{1} × d_{2} sq.units = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 7.5 × 6.4 cm² = 24 cm²

Question 2.

(i) Construct the following rectangles with the given measurements and also find their area.

(i) HAND, HA = 7 cm and AN = 4 cm

Solution:

Given HA = 7 cm and AN = 4 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment HA = 7 cm.

(ii) At H, constructed HX ⊥ HA.

(iii) With H as centre, drawn an arc of radius 4 cm and let it cut at HX at D.

(iv) With A and D as centres, drawn arcs of radii 4 cm and 7 cm respectively and let them cut at N.

(v) Joined AN and DN.

(vi) HAND is the required rectangle.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rectangle HAND = l × b sq.units = 7 × 4 cm² = 28 cm²

(ii) SAND, SA = 5.6 cm and SN = 4.4 cm

Solution:

Given SA = 5.6 cm and SN = 4.4 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment SA = 5.6 cm.

(ii) At S, constructed SX ⊥ SA.

(iii) With S as centre, drawn an arc of radius 4.4 cm and let it cut at SX at D.

(iv) With A and D as centres, drawn arcs of radii 4.4 cm and 5.6 cm respectively and let them cut at N.

(v) Joined DN and AN.

(vi) SAND is the required rectangle.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rectangle SAND = l × b sq.units = 5.6 × 4.4 cm² = 26.64 cm²

(iii) LAND, LA = 8 cm and AD = 10 cm

Solution:

Given LA = 8 cm and AD = 10 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment LA = 8 cm.

(ii) At L, constructed LX ⊥ LA.

(iii) With A as centre, drawn an arc of radius 10 cm and let it cut at LX at D.

(iv) With A as centre and LD as radius drawn an arc. Also with D as centre and LA as radius drawn another arc. Let then cut at N.

(v) Joined DN and AN.

(vi) LAND is the required rectangle.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rectangle LAND = l × b sq.units = 8 × 5.8 cm² = 46.4 cm²

(iv) BAND, BA = 7.2 cm and BN = 9.7 cm

Solution:

Given = 7.2 cm and BN = 9.7 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment BA = 7.2 cm.

(ii) At A, constructed NA ⊥ AB.

(iii) With B as centre, drawn an arc of radius 9.7 cm and let it cut at AX at N.

(iv) With B as centre and AN as radius drawn an arc. Also with N as centre and BA as radius drawn another arc. Let then cut at D.

(v) Joined ND and BD.

(vi) BAND is the required rectangle.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the rectangle BAND = l × b sq.units = 7.2 × 6.7 cm² = 48.24 cm²

Question 3.

Construct the following squares with the given measurements and also find their area.

(i) EAST, EA = 6.5 cm

Solution:

Given side = 6.5 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment EA = 6.5 cm.

(ii) At E, constructed EX ⊥ EA.

(iii) With E as centre, drawn an arc of radius 6.5 cm and let it cut EX at T.

(iv) With A and T as centre drawn an arc of radius 6.5 cm each and let them cut at S.

(v) Joined TS and AS.

(vi) EAST is the required square.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the square EAST = a² sq.units = 6.5 × 6.5 cm² = 42.25 cm²

(ii) WEST, ST = 6 cm

Solution:

Given side of the square = 6 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment ST = 6 cm.

(ii) At S, constructed SX ⊥ ST.

(iii) With S as centre, drawn an arc of radius 6 cm and let it cut SX at E.

(iv) With E and T as centre drawn an arc of radius 6 cm each and let them cut at W.

(v) Joined TW and EW.

(vi) WEST is the required square.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the square WEST = a² sq.units = 6 × 6 cm² = 36 cm²

(iii) BEST, BS = 7.5 cm

Solution:

Given diagonal = 7.5 cm

Steps :

(i) Drawn a line segment BS = 7.5 cm.

(ii) Drawn the perpendicular bisector XY to BS. Let it bisect BS at O.

(iii) With O as centre, drawn an arc of radius 3.7 cm on either side of O which cut OX at T and OY at E

(iv) Joined BE, ES, ST and BT.

(v) BEST is the required square.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the square BEST = a² sq.units = 5.3 × 5.3 cm² = 28.09 cm²

(iv) REST, ET = 8 cm

Solution:

Given diagonal = 8 cm

Steps:

(i) Drawn a line segment ET = 8 cm.

(ii) Drawn the perpendicular bisector XY to ET. Let it bisect ET at O.

(iii) With O as centre, drawn an arc of radius 4 cm on either side of O which cut OX at R and OY at S

(iv) Joined ES, ST, TR and ER.

(v) REST is the required square.

Calculation of Area :

Area of the square REST = a² sq.units = 5.7 × 5.7 cm² = 32.49 cm²