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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th Maths Solutions Chapter 6 Applications of Vector Algebra Ex 6.8

Question 1.

Show that the straight lines and are coplanar. Find the vector equation of the plane in which they lie.

Solution:

Question 2.

Show that lines are coplanar. Also, find the plane containing these lines.

Solution:

From the lines we have,

(x_{1}, y_{1}, z_{1}) = (2, 3, 4) and (x_{2}, y_{2}, z_{2}) = (1, 4, 5)

(b_{1}, b_{2}, b_{3}) = (1, 1, 3) and (d_{1}, d_{2}, d_{3}) = (-3, 2, 1)

Condition for coplanarity

(x – 2)[1 – 6] – (y – 3)[1 + 9] + (z – 4)[2 + 3] = 0

-5(x – 2) – 10(y – 3) + 5(z – 4) = 0

-5x + 10 – 10y + 30 + 5z – 20 = 0

-5x – 10y + 5z + 20 = 0

(÷ by -5) ⇒ x + 2y – 2z – 4 = 0

Question 3.

If the straight lines are coplanar, find the district real values of m.

Solution:

From the lines we have,

(x_{1}, y_{1}, z_{1}) = (1, 2, 3) and (x_{2}, y_{2}, z_{2}) = (3, 2, 1)

(b_{1}, b_{2}, b_{3}) = (1, 2, m^{2}) and (d_{1}, d_{2}, d_{3}) = (1, m^{2}, 2)

Condition for coplanarity

\(\left|\begin{array}{ccc}{x_{2}-x_{1}} & {y_{2}-y_{1}} & {z_{2}-z_{1}} \\ {b_{1}} & {b_{2}} & {b_{3}} \\ {d_{1}} & {d_{2}} & {d_{3}}\end{array}\right|=0\)

Question 4.

If the straight lines are coplanar, find λ and equation of the planes containing these two lines.

Solution:

From the lines we have,

(x_{1}, y_{1}, z_{1}) = (1, -1, 0) and (x_{2}, y_{2}, z_{2}) = (-1, -1, 0)

(b_{1}, b_{2}, b_{3}) = (2, λ, 2) and (d_{1}, d_{2}, d_{3}) = (5, 2, λ)

Condition for coplanarity

\(\left|\begin{array}{ccc}{x-1} & {y+1} & {z} \\ {2} & {-2} & {2} \\ {5} & {2} & {-2}\end{array}\right|\) = 0

(x – 1)[0] – (y + 1)[-4 – 10] + z[4 + 10] = 0

14(y + 1) + 14z = 0 ⇒ 14y + 14 + 14z = 0

(÷ by 14) ⇒ y + z + 1 = 0

### Samacheer Kalvi 12th Maths Solutions Chapter 6 Applications of Vector Algebra Ex 6.8 Additional Problems

Question 1.

Show that the straight lines.

are coplanar. Find the vector equation of the plane in which they lie.

Solution:

Question 2.

If the straight lines are coplanar. Find λ.

Solution:

From the lines we have,

(x_{1}, y_{1}, z_{1}) = (1, 1, 1) and (b_{1}, b_{2}, b_{3}) = (1, λ, 1)

(x_{2}, y_{2}, z_{2}) = (0, 4, 2) and (d_{1}, d_{2}, d_{3}) = (2, λ, 3)

Condition for coplanarity

\(\left|\begin{array}{ccc}{x_{2}-x_{1}} & {y_{2}-y_{1}} & {z_{2}-z_{1}} \\ {b_{1}} & {b_{2}} & {b_{3}} \\ {d_{1}} & {d_{2}} & {d_{3}}\end{array}\right|\) = 0

\(\left|\begin{array}{ccc}{-1} & {3} & {1} \\ {1} & {\lambda} & {1} \\ {2} & {\lambda} & {3}\end{array}\right|\) = 0

-1(3λ – λ) – 3(3 – 2) + 1(λ – 2λ) = 0 ⇒ -2λ – 3 – λ = 0

-3λ = 3 ⇒ λ = -1

Question 3.

If the lines are coplanar, then find the value of k.

Solution:

From the lines we have,

(x_{1}, y_{1}, z_{1}) = (2, 3, 4) and (b_{1}, b_{2}, b_{3}) = (1, 1, -1)

(x_{2}, y_{2}, z_{2}) = (1, 4, 5) and (d_{1}, d_{2}, d_{3}) = (k, 2, 1)

Condition for coplanarity

-1(1 + 2k) – 1(1 + k^{2}) + 1(2 – k) = 0

-1 – 2k – 1 – k^{2} + 2 – k = 0

-k^{2} – 3k = 0

k^{2} + 3k = 0

k(k + 3) = 0

k = 0 or k = -3

Question 4.

Show that the lines are coplanar, Also find the equation of the plane containing these two lines.

Solution:

From the lines we have,

(x_{1}, y_{1}, z_{1}) = (-3, 1, 5) and (b_{1}, b_{2}, b_{3}) = (-3, 1, 5)

(x_{2}, y_{2}, z_{2}) = (-1, 2, 5) and (d_{1}, d_{2}, d_{3}) = (-1, 2, 5)

Condition for coplanarity

Given two lines are coplanar

(x + 3)[5 – 10] – (y – 1)[-15 + 5] + (z – 5)[-6 + 1] = 0

5(x + 3) + 10(y – 1) – 5(z – 5) = 0

(÷ by 5) ⇒ (x + 3) -2(y – 1) + (z – 5) = 0

x + 3 – 2y + 2 + z – 5 = 0

x – 2y + z = 0

or

(x + 1)(5 – 10) – (y – 2)(-15 + 5) + (z – 5)(-6 + 1) = 0

-5(x + 1) + 10(y – 2) – 5(z – 5) = 0

(x + 1) – 2(y – 2) + (z – 5) = 0

x + 1 – 2y + 4 + z – 5 = 0

x – 2y + z = 0