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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety

Road Safety In-Text Exercise

I. Look at the diagram given and answer the following.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety 1

Question 1.
Which road use category causes the highest number of deaths? Could you give any three possible reasons? What would you suggest as the related safety rules?
Answer:

  1. Two-wheelers, Cars, Taxis, Vans & LMV’s and Trucks.
  2. Carelessness, alighting and boarding vehicles from the wrong side.
  3. Insufficient headlights.

Preventive measures for accidents:

  1. Education and awareness about road safety
  2. Strict enforcement of law
  3. Engineering:
    • Vehicle design
    • Road infrastructure

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety

Question 2.
How could pedestrians save themselves from road accidents?
Answer:

  1. Never use cell phones while crossing the roads.
  2. Follow the road rules.
  3. See both sides while crossing.
  4. Never take short cuts.
  5. Avoid distractions.

II. Look at the diagram carefully and answer the following.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety 80
Source: WHO Global Burden of Disease Project, Version 1 (2002)

Question 1.
Which age group tops the number of road traffic deaths worldwide? Why?
Answer:
Age group 15-29 tops the number of road traffic deaths worldwide. This is due to carelessly projecting their body parts outside vehicles, travelling on footboards, and catching a running bus or train.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety

Question 2.
Give some inference on the striking difference between the number of road accident deaths of males and females.
Answer:

  1. The number of road accident deaths of females are less compared to males.
  2. The reasons are: they follow road rules, they are cautious and responsible.

Road Safety Additional Questions

I. Choose the correct answer.

Question 1.
…… is the main cause of death in roads.
(a) Drink and drive
(b) Use of helmet
(c) Vehicle design
(d) Road conditions
Answer:
(a) Drink and drive

Question 2.
Every minute a child is killed in an accident worldwide.
(a) 5
(b) 7
(c) 3
(d) 2
Answer:
(c) 3

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety

Question 3.
Which age group tops the number of road traffic deaths world wide?
(a) 60+
(b) 15 – 29
(c) 30 – 44
(d) 45 – 59
Answer:
(b) 15 – 29

Question 4.
Road accidents are the leading cause of
(a) sales of helmet
(b) increased traffic signals
(c) more number of speed breakers
(d) death by injury
Answer:
(d) death by injury

II. Fill in the blanks.

1. Each year an estimate of ……. million people are killed in road crashes.
2. …….. in the pedestrians contribute to road accidents.
3. ……. and ……. are excluded from road accidents.
4. India has the worst road accident rate world wide with ……. deaths annually.
Answers:
1. 1.2
2. Carelessness
3. Internationa acts, natural disasters
4. 1,30,000

III. Answer the following.

Question 1.
Write short notes on ‘road accidents’.
Answer:
Road accident refers to any accident involving at least a vehicle, occurring on a road open to public transport, and in which at least one person is injured or killed. Intentional acts (murder, suicide) and natural disasters are excluded from road accidents.

Road accidents are the leading cause of death by injury and the tenth-leading cause of all deaths globally. An estimated 1.2 million people are killed in road crashes each year, and as many as 50 million people are injured.

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety

Question 2.
Mention the different factors that contribute to road accidents.
Answer:
Drivers: Over-speeding, rash driving, violation of rules, failure to understand signs, fatigue, alcohol
Pedestrians: Carelessness, illiteracy, crossing at wrong places, jaywalkers Passengers: Projecting their body parts outside vehicles, talking to drivers, alighting and boarding vehicles from the wrong side, travelling on footboards, catching a running bus etc.
Vehicles: Failure of brakes or steering, tyre burst, insufficient headlights, overloading Road Conditions: Potholes, damaged roads, eroded roads merging of rural roads with highways and illegal speed breakers.
Weather conditions: Fog, snow, heavy rainfall, wind storms, hail storms.

Question 3.
Which are the top 10 cities of India contributing to maximum road accidents?
Answer:
The top ten cities are: Chennai, Delhi, Bangaluru, Indore, Kolkata, Bhopal, Mumbai, Jabalpur, Jaipur and Hyderabad.

Question 4.
What are the preventive measures for accidents?
Answer:
Preventive measures for accidents:

  1. Education and awareness about road safety
  2. Strict enforcement of law
  3. Engineering:
    • Vehicle design,
    • Road infrastructure

Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Civics Solutions Chapter 6 Road Safety

Question 5.
State the rules to Ensure safety for children.
Answer:
It is important for children to know about road safety rules and regulations. Here are a few basic road safety rules for children:

  1. Know Your Signals
  2. Stop, Look and Cross
  3. Pay Attention – Listen
  4. Don’t Run On Roads
  5. Always Use Sidewalks
  6. Never Stick Hands outside the Vehicle
  7. Never Cross Road at Bends
  8. Don’t Rush.

Question 6.
What are the direct consequences of accidents?
Answer:
Direct Consequences of Accidents are:

  1. Fatality (Death)
  2. Injury
  3. Damage to Property

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