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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Civics Solutions Term 2 Chapter 2 The Constitution Of India

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science The Constitution Of India Textual Evaluation

I. Choose The correct answer:

Social Term 2 Question 1.
The Constitution Day is celebrated on
(a) January 26
(b) August 15
(c) November 26
(d) December 9
Answer:
November 26

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Term 2 Question 2.
The Constituent Assembly accepted the Constitution of India in the year ……………..
(a) 1946
(b) 1950
(c) 1947
(d) 1949
Answer:
(d) 1949

Samacheer Kalvi Guru 6th Social Science Term 2 Question 3.
There are _________ amendments made in the Constitution of India till 2016
(a) 101
(b) 100
(c) 78
(d) 46
Answer:
(a)101

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Guide Term 2 Question 4.
Which of the following is not a fundamental right?
(a) Right to freedom
(b) Right to equality
(c) Right to vote
(d) Right to education
Answer:
(c) Right to vote

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science Term 2 Question 5.
An Indian citizen has the right to vote at
(a) 14 years
(b) 18 years
(c) 16 years
(d) 21 years
Answer:
18 years

II. Fill In the blanks :

  1. ______ was selected as the chairman of the Constituent Assembly
  2. The father of the Constitution of India is ______
  3. ______ protects our fundamental rights
  4. The Constitution of India came into existence on ______

Answer:

  1. Dr. Rajendra prasad
  2. Dr. B.R Ambedkar
  3. Constitution
  4. 26th january

III. Match the following:

  1. Independence day – (a) November 26
  2. Republic Day – (b) April 1
  3. Constitutional Day of India – (c) August 15
  4. Right to Education – (d) January 26

a) c a d b
b) c d a b
c) d b a c
Answer:
b) c d a b

IV. Answer the questions given tinder the caption Constituent Assembly

6th Social Term 2 Question 1.
In which year was the Constituent Assembly formed?
Answer:
Constituent Assembly was formed in the year 1946.

Term 2 Social Science Question 2.
How many members were in the Drafting Committee?
Answer:
Drafting Committee was formed with eight members with Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as its chairman.

Question 3.
How many women were part of the Constituent Assembly?
Answer:
There were fifteen women particpents in the consituent Assembly.

Question 4.
When was the Constitution of India completed?
Answer:
The Constitution of India was completed on 26th November 1949.

V. Answer the following questions:

Question 1.
Why was January 26 adopted as the Republic Day?
Answer:

  1. When the Congress met at Lahore in 1929, the members of the Congress unofficially declared the same day as the Day of Pooma Swaraj or the Day of complete self governance.
  2. The next year, 26th January 1930 was celebrated as the Independence Day. That day has been observed as our Republic Day.”

Question 2.
What is the Constitution of India?
Answer:

  1. The Constitution is an authentic document containing the basic ideas, principles and laws of a country.
  2. It also defines the rights and duties of citizens.

Question 3.
List out the special features of the Constitution of India.
Answer:

  1. The preface of the constitution is the Preamble.
  2. According to it, India is a Sovereign, socialist, Secular democratic republic.
  3. The constitution has granted the people the right to rule. Sovereignty refers to the ultimate power of the country.
  4. The term secular refers to freedom of worship.
  5. The Constitution provides a Parliamentary form of Government, both at the centre

Question 4.
What are the fundamental rights?
Answer:
“Fundamental rights are the basic human rights of all citizens”. They are

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right against exploitation
  4. Right of Freedom of religion
  5. Cultural and Educational rights
  6. Right to Constitutional Remedies

Question 5.
List out the fundamental duties that you would like to fulfill
Answer:

  1. Respecting the National flag and National Anthem.
  2. Respect and protect the Constitution.
  3. Readiness to serve our country if need arises.
  4. Treating everyone as brothers and sister
  5. Avoid violence.
  6. Protect government property etc.

Question 6.
What is Preamble?
Answer:
The preface of the Constitution is the Preamble.

Question 7.
What do you understand by Liberty, Equality and Fraternity?
Answer:

  1. The preamble of Indian constitution clearly says that
  2. To achieve Justice-social, economic and political
  3. Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
  4. Equality of states and opportunity.
  5. Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation.

Question 8.
Define: Sovereign
Answer:
An Independent country not subject to any external power or influence.

VI. Projects and Activities:

Question 1.
List your duties at

  1. school
  2. home and
  3. society

Answer:

(a) Students’ duties at school

  1. participate in learning activities.
  2. Complete Home work.
  3. Attend school regularly on time.
  4. Be a part of safe and positive leavning environment.
  5. Manage the time wisely.
  6. Study for test and exams well ahead of time.

(b) Students’duties at home

  1. Put books and magazines in a rack.
  2. Be tidy and keep the surroundings clean.
  3. Help parents wherever and whenever possible.
  4. Fold blankets, saw buttons.
  5. Pouring and making tea and coffee.

(c) Students’duties at society

  1. Community Responsibility.
  2. It includes co-operation, respect and participation.
  3. Take active role in literacy campaigns.
  4. Student’s role is very crucial in society development such as to increase human resource, educate others, protect
  5. the environment, save mother nature, bring required changes in the society, respect elders, help the needy and reform the society.

Question 2.
Discuss on these topics:

  1. Equality
  2. Child labour
  3. Right to Education
  4. Equality:

Answer:

  1. It is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society have the same status in certain respects. .
  2. It includes Civil rights, Freedom of speech, property rights etc.Gender Equality:

Gender equality :

  1. means equality between men and women.
  2.  Both are free to develop their personal abilities.
  3. It means fairness of treatment for men and women according to their respective needs.

Child labour:

  1. Child Labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood.
  2. Child Labour interferes with their ability to attend regular school.
  3. This interference is mentally, physically,, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
  4. Indian Government has passed the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act. of 1986. ,
  5. It was amended in 2016 as CLPR Act.
  6. Accordingly a child is defined as any person below the age of 14 and CLPR Act prohibit employment of a child in any employment including domestic help.

(c) Right to Education:

  1. The Right of children to free and compulsory Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4th August 2009.
  2. It describes free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the constitution.
  3. India become one of the 135 countries to make education as a fundemental right of every child when the Act came into force on 1st April, 2010.

Question 3.
Kailash Satyarti (India) and Malala Yusufsai (Pakistan) have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace (2014). Find out the reason why:
Answer:
a) Kailash Satyarti (India):

  1. Kailash Satyarti is an Indian Childrens’ right activist.
  2. He is a Noble peace Prize receipient.
  3. Founder of Bachpan Bachao Andolan (save childhood movement.
  4. Kailash Satyarti and his team at Bachpan Bachao Andolan have liberated more than 86,000 children in India from Child Labour, Slavery and Trafficking.
  5. In 1998, Satyarti led global march against child labour across 103 countries.
  6. His work has been recognized through various national and international honours and awards.
  7. He shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 with Malala Yusufsai of Pakistan.

b) Malala Yusufsai (Pakistan)

  1. Malala Yusufsai is a Pakistan Activist for female education.
  2. She is the youngest Nobel Prize laurate.
  3. She is known for human rights advocacy, especially the education of women and children in her native Swat valley.
  4. She became a prominent activist for the right to education.
  5. In 2012 she was the recipient of Pakistan’s first National Youth Peace Prize.
  6. In 2014 she was the co-recipient of the 2014 Noble Peace Prize along with Kailash Satyarti at the young age of 17 years.

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science The Constitution Of India Intext Questions

Question 1.
Prepare a fist pf your immediate duties.
Answer:

  1. To abide by the constitution and its ideals, to respect the National flag, the National Anthem etc.
  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  4. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brother hood.
  5. To protect and improve the natural resources such as forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife etc.
  6. To safeguard the public property and to avoid violence.

Samacheer Kalvi 6th Social Science The Constitution Of India Additonal Questions

I. Choose The correct answer:

Question 1.
The Chairman of the constituent Assembly was
(a) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(d) Vallabai Patel
Answer:
(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Question 2.
The advisor of the Drafting Committee was
(a) S. Radhakrishnan
(b) B.N. Rao
(e) Moulana Azad
(d) Sarojini Naidu
Answer:
(b) B.N. Rao

Question 3.
The preface of the constitution is called
(a) Preamble
(b) Fundamental right
(c) Directive Principles of state policy
(d) legal document
Answer:
(a) Preamble

Question 4.
Iiva Parliamentary system, the Executive is-collectivity responsible to the
(a) Prime Minister
(b) Legislature
(c) Judiciary
(d) President
Answer:
(b) Legislature

Question 5.
The Chief Architect of the Indian constitution is
(a) Rajendra Prasad
(b) Jawaharlel Nehru
(c) Vallabhai Patel
(d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Answer:
(d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

II. Fill in the blanks:

  1. In 1929, the Congress met at ______
  2. Poorna Swaraj means ______
  3. It took a period of ______ to complete the Indian Constitution.
  4. The basic human rights are known as ______
  5. The original copies of the Constitution are preserved in special ______ filled cases.

Answer:

  1. Lahore Complete-self-Government
  2. 2 years, 11 months and 17 days
  3. Fundamental rights
  4. Helium

III. Match the following:

Question 1.

1. Secular a. Equal distribution
2. Socialist b. Freedom of Religion
3. Sovereign c. Brotherhood
4. Fraternity d. Independent

Answer:

  1. – b
  2. – a
  3. – d
  4. – c

IV. Answer the following Questions

Question 1.
Write about the constitution Assembly. ‘
Answer:

  1. “In 1946, nearly 389 members of the constituent Assembly who belonged to different parties from different places came together to frame the Constitution of India.
  2. The Chairman of the committee was Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

Question 2.
Mention the names of some of the members of the Constitution Assembly.
Answer:
Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabai Patel, MoulanaAzad, S. Radhakrishnan, Vijayalakshmi Pandit and Sarojini Naidu were the members in the Constituent Assembly.

Question 3.
Write about the Drafting Committee of the Constitution.
Answer:

  1. The Drafting committee was formed with eight members.
  2. Its Chairman was B.R. Ambedkar.
  3. B.N.Rao was appointed as an advisor.
  4. The committee met for the first time on 9th December 1946.
  5. On the same day, the drafting the Constitution of India started.

Question 4.
Mention a few countries whose constitution were throughly examined to collect a few best features.
Answer:

  1. The constitutions of nearly 60 countries including the UK, USA, former USSR, France, Switzerland etc., were thoroughly examined.
  2. Their best features have been adopted by our constitution.

Question 5.
Mention the legal experts of the Drafting Committee.
Answer:
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, N. Gopalasamy, K.M.Munshi, Syed Ahmed Sadullah, P.L. Mitter, N.Madhava Rao, T.T.K, T.P. Khaitan were the legal experts of the Drafting Committee.

Question 6.
What is Universal Adult Franchise?
Answer:
Every Indian citizen has the right to vote when they attain 18 years of age, irrespective of any caste, religion, gender or economic status.

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