Students can find the most related topics which helps them to analyse the concepts if they practice according to the chapter-wise page. It is necessary for the students to practice more Questions and Answers for Tamilnadu State Board Solutions of 11th Commerce are given in the pdf format in chapter 9 Government Organisation Questions and Answers so that students can prepare in both online and offline modes. So, Download Samacheer Kalvi 11th Commerce Book Solutions Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf, to score good marks.

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Commerce Solutions Chapter 9 Government Organisation

Get the Questions and Answers, in Tamilnadu State Board 11th Commerce Solutions for Chapter 9 Government Organisation. Learn the concepts of 11th Commerce Chapter-Wise by referring to the Tamilnadu State Board Solutions for Chapter 9 Government Organisation Questions and Answers. Hence we suggest the students to Download Samacheer Kalvi 11th Commerce Book Solutions Questions and Answers pdf to enhance your knowledge.

Samacheer Kalvi 11th Commerce Government Organisation Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers

I. Choose the Correct Answer

Question 1.
The share capital of the government company must not be less than …………….
(a) 49%
(b) 51%
(c) 50 %
(d) 25%
Answer:
(b) 51%

Question 2.
Airport Authority of India is a public enterprise. Identify the fortti of organisation.
(a) Statutory Corporations
(b) Departmental undertakings
(c) Multi – National Corporation
(d) State Owned Company
Answer:
(b) Departmental undertakings

Question 3.
The oldest form of organisation in public sector …………….
(a) Public sector undertakings
(b) Departmental undertakings
(c) Multi – national corporation
(d) Statutory corporation
Answer:
(b) Departmental undertakings

Question 4.
A Government company purchases shares in the name of …………….
(a) Prime Minister
(b) President
(c) Chief Justice of India
(d) State Chief Minister
Answer:
(b) President

Question 5.
The primary objective of the state enterprises is to …………….
(a) Earn profit
(b) provide employment
(c) Serve the people
(d) None of these
Answer:
(c) Serve the people

II. Very Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
State the different types of public sectors enterprises.
Answer:

  1. Departmental Undertaking
  2. Public Corporation
  3. Government Company

Question 2.
What is the basic feature of a Departmental undertaking?
Answer:

  1. Formation : A departmental undertaking is established either as a separate full – fledged ministry or as a sub-division of a ministry (i.e. department) of the Government.
  2. No Separate Entity : A departmental undertaking does not have an independent entity distinct from the Government.

Question 3.
Give two examples for each of the following:
Answer:

  1. Private sector enterprises
  2. Global enterprises
  3. Public enterprises

Answer:

1. Private sector enterprises

  • Sole proprietorship
  • Partnership

2. Global enterprises

  • Coca – Cola Corporation
  • Unilever

3. Public enterprises

  • Life Insurance Corporation
  • Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC)

Question 4.
State the form of public enterprises which is most suitable for projects related to National Security.
Answer:
Strategic industries like defence, and atomic power cannot be better managed other than government departments. Departmental undertakings can maintain secrecy in their working.

Question 5.
The Industrial Policy Resolution 2001 exclusively reserved for few industries for the public sector. Name these industries.
Answer:

  1. Departmental Undertaking
  2. Public Corporations
  3. Government Companies

III. Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
List the areas where the state or central ownership is a preferred form of business organisation. Justify your choice of areas.’
Answer:

  1. Coal Miners Authority Ltd.
  2. Steel Authority of India Ltd.
  3. Indian Telephone Industries
  4. Tamil Nadu State Corporation Ltd.

A company owned by central and/or State Government is called a Government Company. Either whole of the capital or majority of the shares are owned by the Government.

Question 2.
What are the different kinds of organisations that come under the public sector?
Answer:

  1. Departmental Undertaking
  2. Public Corporations
  3. Government Companies

Question 3.
List the names of some enterprises under the public sector and classify them.
Answer:
Departmental Undertaking Public Corporations Government Companies
Samacheer Kalvi 11th Commerce Solutions Chapter 9 Government Organisation

Question 4.
Define Departmental undtertakings.
Answer:
Departmental form of organisation of managing state enterprises is the oldest form of organisation. Under departmental form of organisation, a public enterprise is run as a separate full – fledged ministry or as a major sub – division of a department of the Government.

Question 5.
What is meant by Government Company?
Answer:
A “Government company” is defined under Section 2(45) of the Companies Act, 2013 as “any company in which not less than 51% of the paid-up share capital is held by the Central Government, or by any State Government or Governments, or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments, and includes a company which is a subsidiary company of such a Government company”.

IV. Long Answer Questions

Question 1.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Departmental undertaking?
Answer:
Advantages:
1. Easy Formation:
It is easy to set up a departmental undertaking. The departmental undertaking is created by an administrative decision of the Government, involving no legal formalities for its formation.

2. Direct and Control of Parliament or State Legislature:
The departmental undertaking is directly responsible to the Parliament or the State legislature through its overall head i.e. the minister concerned.

3. Secrecy Maintained:
Strategic industries like defence and atomic power cannot be better managed other than government departments. Department undertakings can maintain secrecy in their working.

Disadvantages:
1. Red – Tape and Bureaucracy: There is too much of procedures which results in delay. Commercial organisation cannot afford delay in taking decisions.

2. Incidence of Additional Taxation: Losses incurred by a departmental enterprise are met out of the treasury. This very often necessitates additional taxation the burden of which falls on the common man.

Question 2.
What are the features of Public corporation? (Any 5)
Answer:
1. Special Statute:
A public corporation is created by a special Act of the Parliament or the State Legislature. The Act defines its powers, objectives, functions and relations with the ministry and the Parliament (or State Legislature).

2. Separate Legal Entity:
A public corporation is a separate legal entity with perpetual succession and common seal. It has an existence, independent of the Government. It can own property; can make contracts and file suits, in its own name.

3. Capital Provided by the Government:
The capital of a public corporation is provided by the Government or by agencies controlled by the government.- However, many public corporations have also begun to raise money from the capital market.

4. Financial Autonomy:
A public corporation enjoys financial autonomy. It prepares its own budget; and has authority to retain and utilize its earnings for its business.

5. Management by Board of Directors: Its management is vested in a Board of Directors, appointed or nominated by the Government. But there is no Governmental interference in the day – to – day working of the corporation.

Question 3.
What are the Features of Government company? (Any 5)
Answer:
1. Registration Under the Companies Act:
A Government company is formed through registration under the Companies Act, 1956; and is subject to the provisions of this Act, like any other company. However, the Central Government may direct that any of the provisions of the Companies Act shall not apply to a Government company or shall apply with certain modifications.

2. Executive Decision of Government:
A Government company is created by an executive decision of the Government, without seeking the approval of the Parliament or the State Legislature.

3. Separate Legal Entity:
A Government company is a legal entity separate from the Government. It can acquire property; can make contracts and can file suits, in its own name.

4. Whole or Majority Capital Provided by Government:
The whole or majority (at least 51 %) of the capital of a Government company is provided by the Government; but the revenues of the company are not deposited into the treasury.

5. Majority of Government Directors:
Being in possession of a majority of share capital, the Government has authority to appoint majority of directors, on the Board of Directors of a government company.

Question 4.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Public corporation?
Advantages:
1. Bold Management due to Operational Autonomy:
A public corporation enjoys internal operational autonomy; as it is free from Governmental control. It can, therefore, run in a business like manner. Management can take bold decisions involving experimentation in its lines of activities, taking advantage of business situations.

2. Legislative Control:
Affairs of a public corporation are subject to scrutiny by Committees of Parliament or State Legislature. The Press also keeps a watchful eye on the working of a public corporation. This keeps a check on the unhealthy practices on the part of the management of the public corporation.

3. Qualified and Contented Staff:
Public corporation offers attractive service conditions to its staff. As such it is able to attract qualified staff.

Disadvantages:
1. Autonomy and Flexibility, Only in Theory:
Autonomy and flexibility advantages of a public corporation exist only in theory. In practice, there is a lot of interference in the working of a public corporation by ministers, government officers and other politicians.

2. Misuse of Monopolistic Power:
Public corporations often enjoy monopoly in their field of operation. As such, on the one hand they are indifferent to consumer needs and problems; and on the other hand, often do not hesitate to exploit consumers.

Question 5.
What are the features of Departmental organisation? (Any 5)
Answer:
1. Formation : A departmental undertaking is established either as a separate full – fledged ministry or as a sub-division of a ministry (i.e. department) of the Government.

2. No Separate Entity : A departmental undertaking does not have an independent entity distinct from the Government.

3. Ultimate Responsibility : The ultimate responsibility for the management of a departmental undertaking lies with the minister concerned who is responsible to the Parliament or State Legislature for the affairs of the departmental undertaking. The minister, in turn, delegates his authority downwards to various other management levels, in the departmental undertaking.

4. Governmental Financing : The departmental undertaking is financed through annual budget appropriations by the Parliament or the State Legislature. The revenues of the undertaking are paid into the government treasury.

5. Accounting and Audit : The departmental undertaking is subject to the normal budgeting, accounting and audit procedures, which are applicable to all Government departments.

Case Study

Case 1:
You are a newly appointed MD of a foreign sector tourist Bus transport company. The management of the bus Transport undertaking of your city finds that its buses are not able to attract very many tourists. Private Mini – Buses are seen to be preferred by people on certain routes. As a result, the undertaking is incurring losses. Therefore, management wants to reformulate its price policy. As a CEO or MD what advice can you give to it? Explain.
Answer:

  1. For attract the people, they can change the buses with new facilities.
  2. Wi – fi facilities can be provided.
  3. New painted buses with luxury can run.
  4. Air condition facilities can apply.
  5. At low cost they can run the bus.
  6. New engine can introduce for control of air problems.
  7. The government has the power of control the buses. So they can provide subsidy facilities to the people to attract.
  8. Buses can be remodelling with new ideas among the people.
  9. Can adopt new innovations to attract the people
  10. Tickets cost may be reduced.

Case 2:
Mr. Sudhan is studying in B.Com, 1st year. His father, Mr. Somu is a leading businessman in Chennai. Somehow, Mr. Sudhan does not know anything about utilities. But he is to prepare a lesson for his class in this topic. He request his father for help. His father tells Mr. Sudhan that Public utilities are no different from his own business except that these are controlled by Government instead of private people. Meanwhile, Mr. Chandrasekaran a friend of Mr. Somu comes there. Mr. Chandrasekaran is an employee of Chennai Electricity Supply Undertaking. Mr. Chandrasekaran intervenes in the conversation going on between Mr.Somu and his son and hold that Mr. Sudhan is not correct; there are other special features of public uutilities, too. Perform the characters of Mr. Sudhan, Mr.Somu and Mr. Chandrasekaran and state your positions.

Characters of Mr. Somu: He is a leading businessman in Chennai. He teaches about his business to his son. He explains the differences private and public government business.

  1. Government business need not control because Government will do the business.
  2. Private business people will be controlled by Government in the way to paying tax to the Government.
  3. Public utilities can be served by Mr. Somu because the utilities services have been done by him.

Characters of Mr. Chandrasekaran:
He is an employee of Chennai Electricity Supply Undertaking. It is a board organisation. It is Government organisation. He explains about the Public Utilities. Electricity supply is very important one to public. The service is given by Government. Electricity supply gives benefits to people, industries, factory, business offices, agriculturalists and household.

Characters of Mr. Sudhan:
He is studying in B.Com., 1st year. He is good to give a speech in his college about public utilities. He gathered sufficient information about public utilities from his father and his father’s friend. He is a student and he is studying commerce. He learns business, trade and industries in text book. Practically he got information from his father’s friend Mr. Chandrasekaran.

Share this Tamilnadu State Board Solutions for 11th Commerce Chapter 9 Government Organisation Questions and Answers with your friends to help them to overcome the issues in exams. Keep visiting this site Tamilnadu State Board Solutions frequently to get the latest information on different subjects. Clarify your doubts by posting the comments and get the answers in an easy manner.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *